lemÌc. Lemizh grammar and dictionary


[Philip Henry Gosse claims about Creation:] The principle of reason requires that no result be without a cause, and those causes require other causes, which are multiplied regressively; there are concrete vestiges of them all, but only those that are posterior to the Creation have really existed. There are glyptodont skeletons in the gorge of Luján, but glyptodonts never existed … Bertrand Russell has brought the thesis up to date … he theorises that the planet was created a few minutes ago, with a humanity that ‘remembers’ an illusory past.

(Jorge Luis Borges. La creación y P. H. Gosse)

Russell’s idea is inconsequent, of course. The world hasn’t been created yet, and God is still pondering how the world should look on the day of creation; and we are part of His thoughts.

Thinking again: maybe He forbears from creating the world. It seems to be working quite well in an inexistent state.

Sun calendar

The modern calendar divides the year (OtÌ.) into 52 weeks (djÌvf.) of 7 days (djÌt.) each, plus one or two additional days. The weekdays’ names are compounds with inherited names of gods such as djÌt xsrÌU. ‘Venus’s daytime, the daytime for Venus’ djUtxsrÌ.. The following nights are the analogous compounds with nightÌ.; and if necessary, the 24-hour periods (midnight to midnight) can be expressed as compounds with krilmrÌj. ‘65,536 Lemizh time units’.

The patron gods are the principal gods of the ancient Lemizh pantheon, the same after which the seven classical planets are named. The modern names of these gods (and their associated planets) are academic loans from Old Lemizh, which in some cases sound quite different although they are cognates. The usual English translations of the weekdays’ names are based on the respective planets, which causes some inconsistency for the first day of the week. The Terrestrial day is the weekly holiday.

Interactive calendar
Lemizh dayPatron god with symbolTranslation (planet)Our equivalent
djUtxmÌj.niftnÌj.Neptune/PoseidonUranian daySunday
djUtnÌt.djistnÌt.Saturn/KronosSaturnian dayMonday
djUtfrÌg.frekrÌf.Mars/AresMartian dayTuesday
djUtÌxk.OnkrÌt.Mercury/HermesMercurian dayWednesday
djUtxÌps.djeipysrÌd.Jupiter/ZeusJovian dayThursday
djUtxsrÌ.usrÌ.Venus/AphroditeVenerian dayFriday
djUtxnÌ.djingmesrÌ.Terra/GaiaTerrestrial daySaturday

For the first 52 × 7 = 364 days of the year, the complete date comprises a day’s name, a week’s number and a year.

Following convention, the last day of the year is called the Neptunian day (djUtfÌps.). It is actually named for the Midwinter God, and the planet Neptune was named after the same god when in was discovered in modern times, to keep the tradition of having corresponding planet and day names. Leap years have a leap day (djyttÌcd., lit. ‘a day more’) immediately before the Neptunian. Leap years are the ones that can be divided by four (that is, their unit or last digit is 0, 4, 8 or C), but not by 128 (their unit and sixteens digits, or the last two digits, are neither 00 nor 80). Neptunian and leap days do not have a week number.

The first day of the Lemizh year corresponds roughly to 20th December. To get the Lemizh year, add 1463 to the Gregorian year. During the last days of December, add 1464.

  2BìR djUtxypsÌ D9AÌoR.2Bhex = 43rd Jovian day in D9Ahex = 348214th October 2019
43-egr1 day-ben-Jupiter-acc-acc2 3482-acc-eps2.

Dates are mainly used as temporal objects: ‘on 14th October’ as a temporal (aR) or episodic (oR), an ‘inside’ construction or a fragmenting partitive; ‘from 14th October’ as an ingressive (eR); ‘until 14th October’ as an egressive (iR). Pure days and nights of the week – without a week number – are interpretable as continuous things and thus don’t need ‘inside’ constructions or fragmenting partitives.

Moon calendar

The old Ghean Moon calendar uses synodic months (i.e. months aligned to the lunar phases, xarÌhk.) with lengths of 29 or 30 days. The first day of a month approximately coincides with the new moon. A lunar year (OteihkÌ.) mostly consists of 14, sometimes 13 months, and sixteen lunar years complete a saros of about 18 solar years.

Normally, months with odd numbers have 29 days, and those with even numbers have 30 days. In lunar years with even numbers that are not divisible by 16, the third month also has 30 days; and lunar years that can be divided by 16 are missing the fourteenth month. This results in a total length of 6585 days for sixteen lunar years. Additionally, if a lunar year is divisible by 48, its third month also has 30 days.

The 14th October 2019 corresponds to lunar year 4170, month 7, day 16 (= 104A–7–10hex).

The Moon calendar is still in use for calculating a number of holidays and for other formal purposes such as announcing wedding dates.