lemÌc. Lemizh grammar and dictionary

Exercise Plot 1 in unit 3

For which other cases may the highlighted ones be substituted, if any? By which case markers are they represented? How is the meaning changed?
jUrxilfkà xijqjmyxè ykhÌ rÌskir.
fell-fact1 iceberg-acc-nom2 ship-acc-acc2 ground-acc-ill2.

Solution

nominative → causative (el) if the iceberg is seen as the cause
 → arguably instrumental (u) if the iceberg is seen as the tool
 (both cases needing an inner partitive)
accusative → no other cases
illative → allative (Ur) if the ship sinks towards the ground
 → possibly dative (i) if the ground is the recipient of the ship