lemÌc. Lemizh grammar and dictionary


[Philip Henry Gosse claims about Creation:] The principle of reason requires that no result be without a cause, and those causes require other causes, which are multiplied regressively; there are concrete vestiges of them all, but only those that are posterior to the Creation have really existed. There are glyptodont skeletons in the gorge of Luján, but glyptodonts never existed … Bertrand Russell has brought the thesis up to date … he theorises that the planet was created a few minutes ago, with a humanity that ‘remembers’ an illusory past.

(Jorge Luis Borges. La creación y P. H. Gosse)

Russell’s idea is inconsequent, of course. The world hasn’t been created yet, and God is still pondering how the world should look on the day of creation; and we are part of His thoughts.

Thinking again: maybe He forbears from creating the world. It seems to be working quite well without existing.

Sun calendar

The modern calendar divides the year (OtÌ.) into 52 weeks (djÌvf.) of 7 days (djÌt.) each, plus one or two additional days. The weekdays’ names are compounds with inherited names of gods such as djÌt xsrÌU. day-acc1 Venus-acc-ben2. ‘Venus’s daytime, the daytime for Venus’ djUtxsrÌ. day-ben-Venus-acc1.. The following nights are the analogous compounds with ytfÌ. ‘night’; and if really necessary, the 24-hour periods (midnight to midnight) can be expressed as compounds with krilmrÌj. ‘65536 Lemizh time units’.

The patron gods are the principal gods of the ancient Lemizh pantheon, the same after which the seven classical planets are named. The modern names of these gods (and their associated planets) are academic loans from Old Lemizh, which in some cases sound quite different from the inherited ones although they are cognates. The usual English translations of the weekdays’ names are based on the respective planets, which causes some inconsistency for the first day of the week. The Terrestrial day is the weekly holiday.

Interactive calendar
(on lunar years see below)
ly 3485MoTuWeThFrSaSu
37th29  330  431  51  62  73  84  9
38th5 106 117 128 139 1410 1511 16
39th12 1713 1814 1915 2016 2117 2218 23
40th19 2420 2521 2622 2723 2824 2925  1
41st26  227  328  429  530  61  72  8
lunar year −2125, months 1 to 2

The links in the following table lead to the relevant entries in the dictionary.

Lemizh dayPatron god with symbolTranslation (planet)Our equivalent
djUtxmÌj.niftnÌj.Neptune/PoseidonÇUranian daySunday
djUtnÌt.djistnÌt.Saturn/KronosÆSaturnian dayMonday
djUtfrÌg.frekrÌf.Mars/AresÄMartian dayTuesday
djUtÌxk.OnkrÌt.Mercury/HermesÁMercurian dayWednesday
djUtxÌps.djeipysrÌd.Jupiter/ZeusÅJovian dayThursday
djUtxsrÌ.usrÌ.Venus/AphroditeÂVenerian dayFriday
djUtxnÌ.djingmesrÌ.Terra/GaiaÃTerrestrial daySaturday

For the first 52 × 7 = 364 days of the year, the complete date comprises a day’s name, a week’s number and a year.

Following convention, the last day of the year is called the Neptunian day (djUtfÌps.). It is actually named for the Midwinter God, and the planet Neptune was named after the same god when in was discovered in modern times, to keep the tradition of having corresponding planet and day names. Leap years have a leap day (djyttÌcd., lit. ‘a day more’) immediately before the Neptunian. Leap years are the ones that can be divided by four (that is, their unit or last digit is 0, 4, 8 or C), but not by 128 (their unit and sixteens digits, or the last two digits, are neither 00 nor 80). Neptunian and leap days do not have a week number.

The first day of the Lemizh year corresponds roughly to 20th December. To get the Lemizh year, add 1463 to the Gregorian year. During the last days of December, add 1464.

  29ìR djUtxypsÌ D9DìRoR.29hex = 41st Jovian day in the D9Dhex = 3485th year30th September 2022
41-egr1 day-ben-Jupiter-acc-acc2 3485-egr-eps2.

Dates are mainly used as temporal objects: ‘on 30th September’ as a temporal (aR) or episodic (oR) or an ‘inside’ construction; ‘from 30th September’ as an ingressive (eR); ‘until 30th September’ as an egressive (iR). Pure days and nights of the week – without a week number – are interpretable as continuous things and thus don’t need ‘inside’ constructions.

Moon calendar

The old Ghean Moon calendar is still in use, especially for calculating some long-standing holidays and for other formal purposes such as announcing wedding dates.

It is based on synodic months (xarÌhk., months aligned to the lunar phases) with lengths of 29 or 30 days. The first day of a month approximately coincides with the new moon. A lunar year (OteihkÌ.) mostly consists of 14, sometimes 13 months, and sixteen lunar years complete a saros of 223 synodic months or about 18 solar years.

Normally, months with odd numbers have 29 days, and those with even numbers have 30 days, totalling 413 days in a standard lunar year. In years with even numbers that are not divisible by 16, the third month also has 30 days; and lunar years that can be divided by 16 are missing the fourteenth month. This results in a total length of 6585 days for sixteen lunar years. Additionally, if a lunar year is divisible by 48, its third month also has 30 days.

The 30th September 2022 corresponds to lunar year −2125, month 2, day 6 (= −84D–2–6hex). The minus sign stems from the fact that lunar years used to be counted backwards, but when the year zero arrived and nothing happened, people continued with negative numbers.