Lemizh / English dictionary
to grind something-dat into something-acc [e.g. into parts, into dust]; to deform something-dat into some shape-acc using shear stress
The ‘destroying’ and ‘deforming’ meanings are distinguished by the acc object or – often simpler – by instead using a nominal verb expressing a shape, versus nominal verbs such as skràp. ‘split, turn into parts’, dwà. ‘turn into two [parts]’, etc.
< NLem, LMLem, MLem gwaln‑a
< OLem gwalnh‑ ‘turn’
< PLem *gwalnh‑, nasal-infix present of
< PIE *kʷelh₁‑ ‘turn (around)’
Gk κύκλος ‘cycle’, Ger dulden ‘tolerate, endure’