lemÌc. Lemizh grammar and dictionary

Lemizh / English dictionary

782 lemmata in dictionary – view complete dictionary on one page (slow!)multilingual dictionary


to be sad about something-acc/causal-transporting (see unit 3, Ambiguous usage);
agentive caus, causal-reflexive: to sadden someone-nom


NLem spalm‑a
LMLem, MLem spalnp‑a ‘disgrace’
OLem spalnp‑
PLem *spalnf‑ ‘speak publicly’, nasal-infix present of
PIE *spelh₃‑

The semantic development is from ‘speak publicly about someone (good or bad)’ via ‘disgrace someone’, metonymically to ‘fall into disgrace’ and finally ‘be downcast, be sad’.

The phonetic similarity to spàz. ‘be happy’ is incidental.


Eng spell ‘magical formula’, Lv peļu ‘vilify’